Buckinghamshire Stained Glass

Attributions

We have had to rely on a large number of sources (some a little suspect) for the attribution of a window to a particular maker. About a quarter of the windows have on them a manufacturer’s mark, but otherwise we are indebted to the following sources.

AADArchive of Art & Design (James Powell order book/cash book
AGAngela Goedicke - see note below)
AMAAlfred M Alderson - see note below
BarnesGordon Barnes:- Frederick Preedy
BSMGPLibrary of the British Society of Master Glass Painters
CCCThe Council for the Care of Churches
CGChurch Guide
CROBuckinghamshire County Record Office, Aylesbury
D LawrenceDavid Lawrence
EGExhibition guide to Clayton & Bell exhibition at Haddenham, April 1996
FacultyFaculty record stored at ODR
HadleyDr Dennis Hadley
HardmanHardman records at the Record Library, Birmingham
HBBMrs S R M Bayne:- A hundred years of the Art of Stained Glass
JLJoyce Little
KerneyMichael Kerney:-The stained glass of Frederick Preedy
KSThe Corpus of Kempe Stained Glass, The Kempe Trust, 2000
M ArcherMichael Archer
M HarrisonMartin Harrison
NadfasChurch record as recorded by Nadfas, and stored at RHMC Swindon
ODROxford Diocesan Records stored at County Record Office at Oxford
P CormackPeter Cormack
Painton CowenPainton Cowen:- A Guide to Stained Glass in Britain
PevsnerThe Buildings of England - Buckinghamshire, by N Pevsner & E Williamson, 1994
RBRecords of Buckinghamshire at the County Record Office, Aylesbury
RERobert Eberhard - see note below
SewterThe Stained Glass of William Morris and his Circle by A C Sewter, 1974-5
SHShrigley & Hunt records at Lancaster

We are particularly grateful to Robert Eberhard, who has carried out extensive searches of contemporary journals, papers and periodicals where new windows are listed at the time of installation, to Angela Goedicke whose experience and detailed records have been invaluable, and to Alfred Alderson for many attributions on stylistic grounds.

In extremis we have attributed a window ourselves on grounds of style (C & MR). Even so about a quarter of the windows have not yet been attributed, and we would welcome comments and amendments by e-mail on any window.

In many cases we have had information about the artist or designer as well as the manufacturer of a window. It is not always clear as to who did what. We have attributed a window to all of the names that appear to have had a hand in the making of the window. Such names appear separately in the list of makers. Sometimes the architect (Street, Lamb or Bodley) has been credited with the design.

Family names of makers appear from time to time (e.g. O’Connor, Nuttgens, Gibb). Sometimes we know if it is Michael or Arthur O’Connor, Joseph Edward or Joseph Ambrose Nuttgens, or Alexander Gibb senior or one of his sons. Where possible we identify the individual but otherwise the maker is listed under the family surname.

Some makers’ names have lasted through many changes of style, or even ownership. We have referred to Kempe C E as the maker of Kempe windows before 1908, and to Kempe & Co for the later windows when the firm was in the hands of Kempe’s nephew, Walter Tower, when a small black tower was put in the mark over the previously used wheatsheaf. All James Powell windows are listed as Powell, James & Co until 1962 when they became known as Whitefriars until closure in 1972. There are no marks on early Powell windows, but the White Friar mark was used from as early as 1923, before the change of name in 1962. (James Powell is not to be confused with Christopher Powell, Hugh B Powell, or J Hardman Powell.) All William Morris (1834-1896) windows are listed as Morris W & Co although the firm embodies differing owners, addresses and styles from the time of the pre-Raphaelites (where a mark was unknown and a signature rare) to Morris of Merton. These Morris windows should not be confused with the entirely separate firm of Morris of Westminster listed as Morris W & Co (Westminster). No windows have been identified from another Morris firm known as Morris & Sons.